Stories are driven by two elements, either; the plot, or the character. Yet sometimes distinguishing the two can get you lost in translation. Think of the number of characters in The Lord of The Rings (Peter Jackson); surely it is a character-driven story, right? No, it’s plot-driven as the circumstances are beyond the control of the characters.
A plot-driven story is one where the plot defines who a character is. For example, if you remove Legolas from the story and replace him with another Elf, who has different characteristics, tiny details of the story would change. Still, it doesn’t cause the structure of the entire story to collapse. At the end of the film, Legolas is a different man Elf than he was before because of the incidents that took place in the plot. Even if you remove Frodo, who is more or less the main protagonist, and replace him with another Hobbit, the event, which is the battle for middle earth still occurs; the call to action still exists.
Whereas The Dark Knight (2008, Christopher Nolan) is a completely character-driven story. Suppose you change one thing about the smallest character the dynamic of the whole story changes. If you were to remove the main character from the story, Batman, in this instance, unlike The Lord of The Rings, there would not be a story left to tell. Batman’s presence in the world creates the actions and the incidents which drive the story. This is a character-driven plot; the character progresses the story until completion.
“See, this is how crazy Batman’s made Gotham! If you want order in Gotham, Batman must take off his mask and turn himself in. Oh, and every day he doesn’t, people will die, starting tonight. I’m a man of my word.” – The Joker
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