Technical Video Information
High-definition, interlaced footage recorded at 1928×1090 pixels.
High-definition, progressive footage recorded at 1920×1080 pixels.
The aspect ratio of high-definition footage; a wide, rectangular-shaped image.
Footage recorded at 34 frames per second progressive, also called 23.976
Footage at 25 frames per second in progressive.
Footage at 29.97 frames per second.
2000 lines of resolution; standard format for projects intended for film output.
The square aspect ratio of standard-definition footage.
4,000 lines of resolution; 4096×2304.
Footage recorded as 60 interlaced fields per second.
Analogue to digital converter for digitizing analogue audio or sound into a digital format.
Automated Dialogue recording, recording dialogue in post-production to replace production audio; also referred to as looping.
American Standers Association measurement used to classify the speed of a negative film stock or the sensitivity of a digital image sensor, often used side by side with ISO.
America Society of Cinematographers, A Hollywood-based Guild for distinguished Directors of Photography; also published American Cinematographer Magazine.
The width of an image divided by its height.
An auxiliary camera shoots simultaneously with the primary unit camera; its footage is often referred to as a b-roll.
The amount of digital data being processed during a given period.
To determine the geography and desired angles for a scene.
A high-definition, recordable disc format developed by Sony
Visible wobbling on the edges of the frame; happens as the lens focus is changed; typically more apparent with lower-quality lenses.
CompactFlash memory card.
The colour portion of a video signal.
The image file format was developed by Kodak for digital intermediates.
Wooden of plastic slate with production information and two sticks that come together at the start of a take to help assist with post-production audio assist.
Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor chip.
Compression/decompression’ a specific algorithm for compressing video or audio.
A method of mathematically representing colour for use with a specific display or medium.
A method of describing the colour characteristics of a light source.
A list of hosts used in an edit to be pulled from negative film rolls.
A professional digital videotape format developed by Panasonic, available in standard and high definition.
Digital Audio Tape, used for recording production sound.
Digital Cinema Package, a format used for digital files intended for theatrical exhibitions.
The mathematical process of interpreting raw image data from a sensor back into a full-colour image.
Digital Intermediate; the process of digitally colour-correcting footage for final output.
Digital Betacam tape, a standard-definition tape format developed by Sony.
Avid’s high-definition post-production codec.
Director of Photography or Cinematographer.
Digital Picture Exchange, an image file format for use in digital intermediates.
Digital Still & motion Camera, RED’s concept of cameras capable of functioning as a still camera and motion pictures camera.
Digital Video a compression codec used to capture and store standard-definition video digitally.
Edit Decision List, a film format for exchanging completed edit sequences between NLEs and other post-production software.
A term used to indicate the individual or team involved in Electronic News Gathering, documentary and news productions are often called ENG crews.
External SATA hard drive.
User-upgradable on-board software
A crew member who manually adjusts lens focus during a shot.
Electronically amplify an audio signal or brighten an image.
The mathematical method of calibrating an image’s brightness values for use with different displays.
Colour correct an image.
High Definition footage has a resolution of 1280×720 pixels or 1920×1080 pixels.
A high-definition tape format developed by Sony, intended initially as an HD version of Digital Betacam.
High-Definition Multimedia Interface, widely adopted on consumer and prosumer video monitors and accessories.
High-Definition Serial Digital Interface for monitoring.
An analysis graph of image exposure.
Footage stored as overlapping half-frames referred to as fields.
The range of brightness and/or colour values within an image; also a measurement of an images sensor’s sensitivity.
A method of expressing Values of colour and brightness equally across an entire range of altitude.
Logarithmic a method of expressing brightness and colour values on a curve.
Linear Tape-Open, a digital tape format used to achieve data.
Lookup Table, is a set of instructions used to profile colour and gamma to simulate their appearance on a given medium, such as an HD display or a specific film stick.
One million pixels a term used to describe the size of a digital image sensor.
National Association of Broadcasters convention in Las Vegas. Where camera and other media making manufacturers debut new technologies.
Nonlinear Editors, such as Avid Media Composer, Adobe Premiere Pro and Final Cut Pro.
National Television System Committee, 29.97 frames per second, standard definition analogue television format used more in North America and Japan.
Phase Alternating Line, 25 frames per second, standard–definition analogue television format used more in Europe.
The smallest component of a digital image.
Positive-lock lens mount developed by ARRI.
Activity that occurs on a project after principal photography.
Point of View is a shot taken directly from a character’s perspective.
A lens with a fixed focal length.
Footage stored as discrete frames.
Apple’s High-quality post-production codec.
Apple’s video format and player; used the .mov file extension.
RED’s native recording format for footage.
Redundant Array of Independent Disks, a linked set of multiple hard drives for storing data with higher performance and reliability than a single hard drive.
Unprocessed image sensor data enabling extensive post-production manipulation
The display standards THAT are used for high-definition television signals.
RED’s proprietary compression codec.
Colour data separated into RED, Green, and Blue channels for viewing on display.
Image sensor comparable in size to a Super 35mm frame.
Serial ATA hard drive, used for high-speed data transfer; eSATA is the external version.
Standard-Definition Footage has a resolution of 720×480 pixels or 720×576 pixels.
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers is a group of standards defining common media production signals.
Solid State Drive (SSD)
A memory card or hard drive with no moving parts.
Synchronization, typically between separately recorded picture and sound.
Method of counting individual frames of recorded footage used to determine shooting formats and ensure audio/video synchronization.
Convert video or audio data from one codec, resolution, and format to another.
Measurement of a motion-picture camera lens’ aperture, referred to as F-stop on still-camera lenses.
Universal Serial Bus connectors used on hard drives and many other computer peripherals
The location where a DP sets up production monitors for viewing by the director and crew.
A connector is often used for audio peripherals; three-pin for audio, four-pin for power.
Extensible Markup Language, a customizable file format used to exchange data between post-production applications.
A customizable striped pattern appears in the EVF or monitor to indicate areas of an image falling within a defined exposure range.
A lens with a variable focal length